Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of United States. He was the lawyer and an American politician who got elected as president in November, 1860. Abraham Lincoln condemned slavery and he abolished it through his famous Emancipation Proclamation.
Abraham Lincoln educated himself law education and thus, considered as self-taught lawyer. When he got elected as the president of United States, Civil war broke. At that time he guided the United States and led them to regain Union.
Abraham Lincoln was born on 12th February, 1809 in a one-room log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky. Abraham lost his mother at the age of nine. This made him depressed and distance between Abraham and his father increased.
In 1819, after one year of Abraham’s mother’s death, his father married a widow of three children, Sarah Bush Johnston. She was the strong, confident and literate woman who encouraged Abraham to read and write. Abraham felt comfortable with his new mother.
When Abraham turned 22, his family shifted to Coles County and there he started making his own living. Abraham Lincoln landed in various jobs such as postmaster, shopkeeper and later became the owner of general store. During his tenure of switching jobs and making living from them, Lincoln attained skill of socialization. He could narrate a story in a confident voice and thus he became popular between locals.
Abraham initiated his political career with his campaign for the Illinois General Assembly. But, that time he lost the election due to lack of support of powerful personalities. In 1834, Abraham Lincoln won election to the Illinois state legislature, as a member of Whig party.
At that time he began to study law and started teaching himself. His hard work gave positive result and he passed bar examination in 1836. He shifted to new place named Springfield, Illinois. There he practiced law under John T. Stuart.
In 1840, Lincoln engaged with Mary Todd but they broke off before their marriage. Mary had confidence and high profile status. They met again in a function and in 1842, Abraham Lincoln married Mary.
Abraham Lincoln had short time period (1847-49) in the U.S. House of Representative. During this tenure, he stood against Mexican-American War. Also, he favored Zachary Taylor for president election in 1848.
In 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th president of the United States from Republican Party. He won election against his powerful rivals- Douglas, Breckinridge and Bell.
But, before the inauguration of the president, seven southern states of America formed Confederate states of America in March, 1861. They withdrew themselves from Union and this led to the Civil War. Civil war continued for four years (1861-65). Lincoln, though new to presidency, handled the war courageously. He confidently took various steps to get back southern states. He wanted to preserve the union and to conclude the war as early as possible.
After victory of Gettysburg, Lincoln delivered speech which became one of the important speech in the history of United States, famously known as the Gettysburg Address. It consisted of 272 words and delivered after the deadliest war. He addressed the crowd and gave them rays of hope for the better conditions.
Abraham issued Emancipation Proclamation which came under effect on 1st January 1863. According to it, all the persons considered as slaves needed to be free in the rebellious states and this step abolished slavery. In April 1865, Civil war ended effectively.
In 1864, Lincoln faced re-election against Democratic nominee, George McClellan. But Abraham Lincoln once again won the race and inauguration held on 4th March, 1865. He wanted to rebuild the south and their union with north.
On 14th April, 1865 while Abraham Lincoln was attending a play at Ford’s theater, John Wilkes Booth shot him in the back of his head. Incident took place in Washington, DC where Abraham was carried to the Petersen House. He remained in coma for the rest of the day. In the early morning of 15th April 1865, he died and left United States when it needed him the most.
Abraham’s most embarked achievement was his winning as a president of United States. He helped his country to get back its union and prepared it to face bloodiest Civil war. Since he belonged to poor family, from the very early age he started doing work to earn money. He used to borrow books to read. But, this was not the end of his struggles. At the very early age of 9, he lost his mother.
Even in rough times, he never gave up and kept moving forward. He learned law by himself and even passed bar examination without any college studies. His struggles in various jobs made him much stronger and responsible. After winning Presidential election, one of the biggest challenge he faced was Civil war. Though new, he quickly learned strategies of wars and handled the war bravely. Lincoln helped United States in preservation of their Union. He strongly condemned slavery and thus, he abolished it. He had many dreams for his country after union but he left the world.
Abraham was considered as one of powerful president of the United States who won the hearts of his citizens through his deeds and courage. His one of the famous quote – “Whatever you are, be a good one.” Thus, his life revolves around this quote as he always tried to help others.
Image source: Internet